Top SDLC Interview Questions and Answers [2024]

Top SDLC Interview Questions and Answers [2024]

SDLC interview questions

Top SDLC Interview Questions and Answers [2024]

Top SDLC Interview Questions and Answers [2024]

Top SDLC Interview Questions and Answers [2024]

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Top SDLC Interview Questions and Answers [2024]

Introduction – 

When creating and maintaining software applications, developers use a best organized method called the Software Development Life Cycle (SDLC for short). This process breaks everything down into 7 different stages, each with specific tasks, goals, and achievements.  The main aim is to ensure the software is built effectively, meets everyone’s needs, and is delivered on time. 

Many IT companies ask SDLC related questions because they want to make sure that  candidates know how software is made from start to finish. So basically they want employees to know all the steps in making software, from planning and designing to coding, testing, and putting it into use. 

This helps them see if employees can help projects succeed by doing things right, managing problems, and delivering good software on time as per client requirement and within budget.

Through this blog we help candidates prepare for SDLC (Software Development Life Cycle) interview questions by covering everything from basic to advanced topics, including scenario-based questions.

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Basics SDLC Interview Questions With Answers

1) What is SDLC?


SDLC stands for Software Development Life Cycle. So basically It is a structured process followed by software development teams to – 

  • Design
  • Develop
  • Test
  • Deploy
  • Maintain software

The SDLC provides a systematic approach to building software and ensures that the end product meets the customer’s requirements and is of high quality. 

2) Why is SDLC important?


SDLC is important because it gives a clear plan for handling the complex process of making software. This means it helps teams stay organized, ensures all steps are followed, chances to reduce mistakes, and leads to better quality software delivered on time as per client requirements.

By following SDLC stages, teams can ensure that all aspects of the project are considered, from initial requirements gathering to final deployment and maintenance. 

This helps in:

  • Improving project planning & management.
  • Enhancing communication among stakeholders.
  • Ensuring high-quality software delivery.
  • Decrease projects risks and improve client relations
  • Ensure project planning, estimation and scheduling

3) Can you name the different phases of the SDLC?

Answer: The SDLC typically consists of the following phases:

  1. Planning
  2. Analysis
  3. Design
  4. Coding
  5. Testing
  6. Deployment
  7. Maintenance

4) What are the different SDLC models?

Answer: Several SDLC models exist, each with its own approach to software development. Some of the most commonly used models are:

  1. Waterfall Mode
  2. V-Model (Verification and Validation Model)
  3. Iterative Model
  4. Spiral Model
  5. Agile Mode

Also Read – Docker Interview Questions

5) How does the design phase differ from the development phase?

Answer: The design phase is when we plan how the software will look and work. We create diagrams and documents that show the details. The development phase is when we build the software based on the plans from the design phase. We write the code and put everything together.

So, in simple terms: the design phase is for planning, and the development phase is for building.

Advanced SDLC Interview Questions With Answers

6. What is Agile SDLC, and how does it differ from the Waterfall Model?


Agile is a SDLC methodology that strongly focuses on iterative development and continuous feedback. Iterative development means that the software is developed in short cycles, with each cycle resulting in a working product & Continuous feedback means that the software is constantly tested and improved.

The Difference Between Agile and Waterfall Model is:

Waterfall is like “plan everything first, then write the code.” For big projects that take years, this method often fails because business needs can change while you’re still coding, people rarely read the plan, and the plan is never fully complete. For smaller projects that take 1-2 months, Waterfall can work okay, but Agile methods might still be better.

Also Read: How Do Agile And DevOps Interrelate?

7. What is the role of a Business Analyst in SDLC?


  • A Business Analyst in SDLC helps make sure the software meets the needs of the business. So basically They talk to users and stakeholders to find out what the software should do.
  • They write down these needs clearly and make sure everyone understands them.
  • They help the technical team and the business team understand each other.
  • They also help the development team understand the requirements 
  • They help test the software to make sure it works as expected as per client requirements.

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8. What is the role of risk management in SDLC and how is it handled?


Risk management in SDLC involves identifying, analyzing, and addressing risks during the software development process.

Key steps include:

  1. Risk Identification
  2. Risk Analysis
  3. Risk Mitigation
  4. Risk Monitoring

Risk management is important for ensuring project success and delivering high-quality software within the set time and budget.

9. What is the importance of testing in SDLC?

Answer: Testing is an important phase in the SDLC as it ensures the quality, reliability, and performance of the software.

 The importance of testing includes:

  • Defect Identification.
  • Quality Assurance
  • Risk Reduction
  • Customer Satisfaction
  • Compliance

10. What is the Prototype Model in SDLC?


The Prototype Model in SDLC creates a basic version of the software first to gather feedback and improve requirements before making the final product.

Also Read – Top 21 Java Interview Questions To Ace Your Interview In 2024

Scenario Based SDLC Interview Questions With Answers

11) Imagine a scenario where a critical bug is found during the testing phase close to the release date. How would you handle this situation?

Answer – 

  • Find out how serious the bug is.
  • Fix the bug right away.
  • Tell everyone involved about the problem and possible delay.
  • Test the fix carefully to make sure it doesn’t cause new issues.
  • Delay the release if needed to make sure the software is good.

12) During the deployment phase, you encounter an unexpected environment issue that prevents the system from going live. What steps would you take?

Answer – 

  • Identify the root cause of the environment issue.
  • Collaborate with the DevOps team to resolve the problem.
  • If a quick fix isn’t possible, consider rolling back to a stable state.
  • Communicate the issue and new timeline to stakeholders.
  • Test the deployment again after fixing the issue.

13) You have just completed the requirements gathering phase, but there are conflicting requirements from different stakeholders. How do you resolve this conflict?

Answer – 

  • Hold a meeting with all stakeholders to discuss the conflicts.
  • Clarify the project’s main goals and priorities.
  • Find a compromise or prioritize the most critical requirements.
  • Document the agreed-upon requirements and get stakeholder approval.

14) A customer reports a bug in the system after it has been deployed. What process do you follow to handle this issue?

Answer – 

  • Acknowledge the customer’s report and gather detailed information.
  • Reproduce the bug to understand it fully.
  • Prioritize the bug based on its severity and impact.
  • Fix the bug and test the solution thoroughly.
  • Deploy the fix and inform the customer about the resolution.

15) Your team is divided over whether to follow the Waterfall or Agile model for a new project. How would you facilitate a decision?

Answer – 

  • Look at what the project needs and any limitations.
  • Think about the team’s experience and which method they prefer.
  • Talk about the good and bad points of each approach.
  • Choose the method that fits the project’s goals and stakeholder needs.
  • Get the team to agree or take a vote if needed.


In this blog, we covered SDLC interview questions for both freshers and experienced. By studying and practicing common SDLCconcepts and techniques, you can confidently show your knowledge and skills during the interview.



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