Java programming is a popular class based, object-oriented programming language (OOPs). It is mainly known for its simplicity, versatility, and platform independence. It is widely used for software, web, and mobile app development. Along with this, it is also used in big data analytics and server-side technology. Whether you are a fresher or an experienced coder, the key features of Java are important for both. They are essential for building robust & scalable applications. In this blog article, we will explore all the basic key features of Java. We will explain each concept in a beginner-friendly way.
Top 10 Features Of Java Programming
Java Is Simple and Easy to Learn
As per my opinion, Java programming is the best choice for freshers who want to start a career in programming because It’s a popular language and easy to learn language. Writing code in Java is simple & similar to the syntax of the C and C++ programming languages. This similarity makes it easier to understand if you already have knowledge of those languages.
Java Is Object-Oriented Programming Language
Java is fully object-oriented which mainly focuses on objects and classes. The OOP paradigm provides a modular approach to software development, allowing for easier code reuse, maintenance, and flexibility.
There are Four main Pillars Of Object Oriented Programming In Java –
These Four main concepts help developers to create well-organized and scalable applications.
Also Read : What Is Object Oriented Programming
Java is Platform Independent Language
One of the best features of Java is Platform Independence. In Java Programming, code can be executed on any platform (i.e. Windows, macOS, Linux, Ubuntu, etc.) with the help of JVM. Also, when you write a Java program, it is first turned into something called “Bytecode”. It is then executed by the JVM. This Java feature allows it to be written once and run anywhere. Also known as WORA (Write Once, Run Anywhere).
Memory Management and Garbage Collection
Java features automatic memory management through its garbage collection mechanism. Software Developers do not need to manually allocate or deallocate memory, as the JVM takes care of memory management. The garbage collector identifies unused objects and frees up memory, reducing the risk of memory leaks and improving application performance.
Java is Robust, which means Strong because –
- Strong type checking enhances code reliability.
- Exception handling allows for graceful error recovery.
- Automatic memory management reduces memory-related issues.
- Runtime checks prevent common programming errors.
- Language features promote code modularity and maintainability.
Bytecode Verification: Java Programming bytecode verifier checks the integrity and safety of bytecode before execution, preventing unauthorized access to memory and ensuring type safety.
Class Loading: In Java, Class-loading mechanism ensures that only trusted classes are loaded and executed, preventing the injection of malicious code.
Built-in Security APIs: Java provides many built-in security APIs such as –
- Secure communication
- Digital signatures
- Access control
- Public key infrastructure
These APIs simplify the implementation of secure features in Java applications.
One of the security benefits in Java is the absence of pointers. In Java Programming, accessing out-of-bounds arrays is prevented without the use of pointers, and any such attempt will trigger an ArrayIndexOutOfBoundsException. This protection helps safeguard against potential security vulnerabilities related to accessing memory beyond the boundaries of an array.
As I said, one of the nicest features of Java is – its platform independence. Apart from that, it also offers high performance capabilities. In Java programming, JIT (JIT Full Form: Just in Time) compilation optimises the performance of the code at runtime by dynamically translating the bytecode into machine code. This optimisation process, combined with efficient memory management, enables Java applications to achieve excellent performance, rivalling that of statically compiled languages.
In Java programming, the “write once, run anywhere” (WORA) principle is achieved through its portability feature. Java programs run on any platform (ex – windows, mac, ubuntu, etc.) with JVM support. First by compiling Java code into bytecode, which is then executed by the JVM (JVM Full Form: Java Virtual Machine). This Java platform independence feature allows developers to deploy their applications across various environments without the need for significant modifications.
Java is a unique programming language that combines both compilation and interpretation. When you write Java code, it is first compiled into bytecode files. During runtime, the Java Virtual Machine (JVM) interprets(reads) the “bytecode files” generated from Java code. To enhance performance, the JVM employs a Just In Time (JIT) compiler that dynamically translates frequently executed bytecode into machine code. This optimization process allows for faster execution of Java programs. This combination of compilation, interpretation, and JIT compilation makes Java a versatile and efficient language for running applications.
In Java, a thread is comparable to a separate program that can run concurrently. By creating multiple threads, we can develop Java programs that handle multiple tasks simultaneously. The main benefit of multithreading is;- ‘it avoids the need for allocating separate memory for each thread’. Instead, threads share a common memory area, which makes them particularly useful for multimedia and web applications.
Which Java features are the most important?
The most important features of Java programming are platform independence & object-oriented programming.
Why is Java Simple?
- Clear and readable syntax.
- Object-oriented programming approach.
- Automatic memory management through garbage collection.
- Does not support pointers.
Which of the following is not a Java Features?
- Multiple Inheritance (Java supports single inheritance only)
- Operator Overloading
- Global variables (Java uses a class-based approach and does not have global variables)
What are the Uses Of Java?
There are various applications where Java programming is used, including:
- Desktop Applications
- Web Applications
- Mobile Applications
- Game Development
Also Read : Uses Of Java Programming
Is Java a good career in 2023?
Yes, Java will continue to be a valuable skill in 2023, with a strong demand for Java developers in various industries. It offers excellent career opportunities due to its widespread use, platform independence, and versatility.
Which Institute is Best For Learning Java Programming In Pune?
Technogeeks is the ideal in-classroom & online java training institute if you’re looking for the java course training in Pune.
This java training includes object-oriented programming (OPP) and a powerful integrated development environment, such as NetBeans and Eclipse.
The Course curriculum is created/curated by experienced IT professionals with years of training thousands of students.
The curriculum at Technogeeks is designed to help students complete their java certification. At the same time, the purpose of the java training course in Pune is to help prepare for real-world challenges in an ever-changing IT landscape.
We also make sure that our course curriculum is easy to understand so that all of our students fully benefit from their training period.
Our instructors provide students with hands-on training, real-world case studies, one to one question-and-answer sessions, and live projects so that they are well-prepared to enter the IT world sector with excellent core java skills.
Following the completion of the course, we provide 100% job placement assistance to all of our candidates, ensuring that they get placed. We have a telegram channel (https://t.me/technogeekssolutions) where we post job openings and candidate interview updates.
In this blog, we covered features of Java programming that justify why Java is so popular. As the online environment continues to grow, Java offers features that make programming for a distributed architecture smooth and seamless. These features of Java are important in explaining its importance, as they help developers build applications that can operate effectively in a highly interconnected and distributed online world.
Also, Learning Java will be more beneficial for both freshers and experienced in 2023. For freshers, learning Java is important as it provides a solid foundation for programming concepts, mainly OOPs concepts, opening doors to a wide range of career opportunities in software development.
For experienced professionals, mastering Java enhances their skill set and increases their market value, as Java remains in high demand for enterprise-level applications and large-scale software projects, offering abundant career growth and job prospects.
Technogeeks is an excellent learning platform for Learning Core and Advanced Java. Enroll to kickstart your journey as a Java developer.
Checkout our courses on the Java programing below