What is the Structure of Java program?

What is the Structure of Java program?


What is the Structure of Java program?

What is the Structure of Java program?

What is the Structure of Java program?


What is the Structure of Java program?

What is the Structure of Java program?

A Java program is a collection of classes. Classes group objects with similar characteristics and behaviors. The structure of Java program can be divided into the following sections: –

  1. Documentation Section
  2. Package statement:- The package statement identifies the package that the class belongs to. We put classes into sensible groups with the help of packages.
  3. Import statements: The import statements import other classes into the current class. This allows the current class to use the methods and variables of the imported classes.
  4. Class definition: The class definition defines the class. A class definition is composed of –
    1. class name
    2. class variables
    3. methods
    4. constructors
  5. Main method: The Java program starts with the main method. 
  6. Body of the class:- The body of the class contains the code for the class. The code inside a class can be divided into methods, constructors, and variables.


Documentation Section

A Java program’s human aspect is optional but recommended. The books part tells you who produced the software, when, what version, what it does, and how to use it.

The documentation section is typically written in a special comment style called Javadoc. Javadoc comments are enclosed in /** and */ delimiters. The Javadoc tool processes the text in between the delimiters and turns it into HTML documentation.

The following is an example of a Javadoc comment:



This message describes – application, its creator, version, and release date.

Instructions include functions & variables. The following is an example of a Javadoc comment for a method:



This note describes – function, parameters, and return value.


Tips for writing good Javadoc comments:

  • Be concise and to the point.
  • Use wording that is clear and full.
  • Use correct spelling and language.
  • Use consistent formatting.
  • Include all of the relevant information about the program or method.


Package statement

With the package line, you tell the class what its package is. We put classes into sensible groups with the help of packages. You can have separate packages for your user interface classes, database classes, and utility classes.

The package statement is always the first statement in a Java program. The import statements come after it.



Import statements

The import stat Importing other classes is an essential aspect of creating a well-structured and modular program. The current class. This allows the current class to use the methods and variables of the imported classes.

The import statements are always placed after the package statement. You can put them anywhere in the class, but most teachers put them at the beginning.



Class definition

Class definitions define classes. Class descriptions contain the class name, variables, methods, and builders.

Class and object share a name. It is used to refer to the class in other parts of the program.

The class variables are the variables that are declared in the class. All the objects in the class share class variables.

Class methods are class defined methods. Methods use elements in class to perform required things.

Class constructors are class-specific builders. These builders are called when a class object is created. Class objects are initialized via constructors.



Main method

So, think of the main method as the starting point of a Java program – kind of like the front door to a house. Java programs initially search for this main method. 



Now, the main method has a specific way it needs to be written so that the computer understands it. “public static void main(String[] args)”. 

public indicates other software components may use this primary method.

“static” means that the main method doesn’t belong to any specific part of the program, like it’s its own boss and doesn’t need to be tied to any particular thing.

“void” tells us that the main method doesn’t give us any special thing back when it’s done.

Now, the main method is to be a bit of a team player too. It likes to get along with others, and that’s why it takes an array of strings as a friend. This friend is called “args,” which is short for arguments.

 You can think of these arguments as little notes you give to the main method when you start the program. These notes might tell the main method what to do or give it some special information.


Body of the class

The code for the class is in the class’s body. Methods, builders, and variables can be used to break up the code in the body of the class.

Methods are the things that can be done by objects of a class. Constructors are the methods in a class that are used to make new things. The data that the class’s objects store is known as variables.

Between the curly brackets “{body}” we write the body of the class. The braces indicate the beginning and end of the body of the class.



Some interesting basic Java programs:-

Magic number in Java


Reverse a number


Example to understand the structure of Java program


  • HelloWorld is a class defined in the code.
  • The HelloWorld class has a main method, which is the entry point for the Java program. 
  • The main method reads the user’s name from the console and prints a greeting to the user.
  • The code in the main method is divided into three steps:
    1. Create a scanner object to read input from the console.
    2. Prompt the user to enter their name.
    3. Read the user’s name and print a greeting to the user.
  • The scanner object is used to read input from the console. 
  • The prompt is used to tell the user what to enter. 
  • The readLine() method is used to read the user’s input. 
  • Console messages are printed using println().



What is the best way to visualize the tree structure of Java objects with a lot of properties (JSON, XML)?

To visualize complex Java object tree structures in JSON or XML:

  1. Use specialized tools/libraries for JSON/XML visualization.
  2. Navigate by expanding/collapsing nodes.
  3. Look for color coding/icons for data type cues.
  4. Utilize search/navigation for large structures.
  5. Export/save visualizations for reference.
  6. Customize layout/colors as needed.


What are the basic syntax and structure of Java?

The basic syntax and structure of Java can be summarized as follows:

  1. Class Structure: Organized into classes with fields and methods.
  2. Main Method: Entry point: public static void main(String[] args).
  3. Statements: Ended by ;, grouped in {} blocks.
  4. Data Types: Primitives (int, boolean) and references (classes).
  5. Variables: Declared with type and name, initialized.
  6. Methods: Actions with return type, name, parameters.
  7. Control Flow: if, else, loops (while, for).
  8. Objects/Classes: Instances of classes, new for creation.
  9. Inheritance: Properties/methods inherited.
  10. Polymorphism: Objects as superclasses.
  11. Encapsulation: Data/methods in one unit.
  12. Packages: Organize classes, import for use.
  13. Exception Handling: try, catch, finally for errors.
  14. Comments: // (single-line), /* */ (multi-line).


What are the directory structures of packages in Java programming?

The directory structure of packages in Java typically follows a specific convention:

  • Directory Hierarchy:
    • Java packages correspond to directories in the file system.
    • Each package component becomes a subdirectory.
    • For example, the package com.example.util maps to the directory structure com/example/util.
  • Root Directory:
    • The root directory for packages is usually the directory where your Java source files are located.
  • Example:
    • Suppose you have a class named MyClass in the package com.example.util.
    • The Java source file for MyClass would be located in the directory com/example/util relative to the root directory.
    • The full path might be something like: /path/to/your/project/com/example/util/MyClass.java.
  • Classpath:
    • Java uses the classpath to locate classes and packages during compilation and runtime.
    • The classpath includes directories and JAR files containing your compiled classes.
  • Compilation and Execution:
    • When compiling, Java will follow the package structure to place compiled class files in corresponding directories.
    • For execution, Java uses the classpath to find classes based on the package structure.
  • Package Declarations:
    • Each Java source file starts with a package declaration indicating the package it belongs to.


Key Points to Take Away

  • Structure of Java Program: Java programs have a straightforward structure.
  • Components: Comprises packages, import statements, class definitions, and main methods.
  • Simplicity: Overall structure is uncomplicated and easy to grasp.
  • Efficient Code: Understanding structure aids in writing efficient Java code.
  • Improved Effectiveness: Grasping structure enhances code effectiveness and quality



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