Question: HTML Documents are saved in
Answer: C. .html
Explanation: HTML documents are saved with a file extension of “.html”. The file extension is part of the file name & helps to identify what type of file is.
When an HTML file has a “.html” extension, it indicates that the file contains HTML (HTML Full Form: Hyper Text Markup Language) code, which is used to create web pages.
Let’s briefly explain “What Is HTML?” to provide a clear understanding of the question: “HTML Documents are saved in “ We will also clarify why option “C” is the correct choice.
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What Is HTML?
Web developers utilize HTML, or HyperText Markup Language, to organize and build those wonderful websites you like.
The trick: HTML utilizes “markup tags” to work. Tags inform web browsers how to display material. They specify headers, paragraphs, photos, links, and more. These tags enclose your stuff, and Your browser displays it properly.
Want a huge heading? Easy! Heading text goes in <h1> tags. Add a paragraph to explain? Use <p> and you’re done!
HTML produces web page structure and content. Web browsers can show anything because markup tags specify items and their characteristics. HTML makes our daily web experiences great.
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What Is an HTML File?
I’ll describe an HTML file in simple terms. You view an HTML file when you visit a website. It’s a web page recipe for your browser.
It’s a webpage’s headers, paragraphs, graphics, links, and more. Tags and codes establish screen layout, structure, and content.
It’s like having a conversation with the screen. The HTML file tells your browser how to display the page, and your browser says – “Got it! I’ll display this heading here, that graphic there, and make everything attractive!”
Your browser requests HTML files from the web server, Every time you visit a website. “Hey, can I have the recipe for this webpage, please?” What else? The server returns HTML files, and your browser displays the website.
In summary, HTML files are the magic behind web pages on your screen. It makes the internet dynamic and beautiful! Next time you explore a website, remember that HTML magic is behind those pixels!
What Are HTML Documents?
HTML documents are text files with HTML code. It generates internet pages.
HTML files usually end with “.html”. That tells your computer it’s HTML.
HTML files are text, which is great. VSCode, Notepad, or TextEdit can open them. Opening a book reveals a webpage’s code.
You can write HTML too! Start coding and constructing web pages from scratch using a text editor.
Structure of an HTML Document
Every HTML document follows a specific structure known as the Document Object Model (DOM).
The basic structure of an HTML document looks like this:
Structure of HTML –
- <!DOCTYPE html>: This declaration specifies the HTML version used in the document. In this case, it is the latest version of HTML – HTML5.
- <html>: The root element of an HTML document It wraps up all the content on the page.
- <head>: This section contains meta-information about the document, such as the title, character encoding, CSS styles, and links to scripts.
- <title>: The title element is placed within the <head> section and defines the title of the web page, which appears in the browser’s title bar or tab.
- <body>:- The <body> element contains the visible content of the web pages (headings, paragraphs, images, links, etc).
Let’s come to the main question: Where are HTML documents saved?
The correct answer is option “C” – “.html”
HTML documents are saved as plain text files with either a “.html” or “.htm” extension. These files contain markup code and can be opened and edited using a simple text editor.
Now you have a question in your mind: why do we not choose other options? What is the reason for it?
The answer is :
Option A: “.docx” is a file extension used for Microsoft Word documents, not HTML documents. It is used for word processing files and is not relevant to web page creation.
Option B: “.htm” is another file extension that is commonly used for HTML documents. In the early days of the web, some OS used “.htm” instead of “.html” due to restrictions on file extension length. Web browsers recognize both “.html” and “.htm” as HTML files.
Option D: “.txt” is a file extension used for plain text files. While they do contain text, HTML documents also include markup tags that define the structure and content of the web page. Therefore, “.txt” is not the correct file extension for HTML documents.
How To Save HTML File
Step 1: Open any text editor such as Notepad, TextEdit, VSCode, etc.
Step 2: Write simple HTML code for your web page,
Step 3: Save the “.html” file.
for example – “xyz.html” or “my_website.html”
Step 4: Choose the location on your computer’s file system where you want to save the file (e.g., your Documents or Desktop folder).
Step 5: Click the “Save” or “Save As” button to save the file.
How to View an HTML Document?
It is very simple to see an HTML document in a web browser once you have saved it.
To do this:
- Find the location where the HTML file was saved.
- Double-click on the file. It will automatically open in your default web browser.
- The web browser interprets the HTML code & displays the content as a web page.
Why is it necessary to include the document type declaration in all HTML documents?
The doctype declaration (<!DOCTYPE html>) is included to inform the browser about the HTML version used and ensure consistent rendering across browsers. It also helps with backward compatibility.
How do I open HTML documents saved in the “.html” or “.htm” extension in Google Chrome?
There are two options for opening.html files in Google Chrome-
- By right clicking on the.html file, selecting “Open with,” and then choosing Google Chrome, you can open.html files in that browser.
- Open Google Chrome, press “ctrl+o,” find your .html file, and click to open it. That’s it!
Is HTML Written In Notepad?
Yes, you can write HTML in Notepad, a basic text editor included with Windows. It’s a simple & best way to create and edit HTML documents.
While more advanced code editors and Integrated Development Environments (IDEs) are available, such as –
- Visual Studio Code
- Sublime Text
Beginners can start with Notepad, as it provides a straightforward environment for writing and saving HTML code.
I hope you get a clear idea about where HTML documents are saved, the basic structure of HTML documents & how to save HTML documents after reading this blog. Starting simple web sites is easier with this knowledge.
If you are a fresher and want to learn HTML, make sure to explore additional HTML elements, attributes, and CSS, as they will increase the design and functionality of your websites. Remember that learning HTML basics is essential to developing any website.
If you are interested in learning web development, please contact us at +91 8600998107 / +91 7028710777 for more details.